There is a lot of myth related to CBD oil. People are still confused about the CBD oil extracted from hemp and marijuana. The reality is that there is a lot of difference between CBD derived from hemp and marijuana, even though both belong to the cannabis genre.
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What is cannabis?
It is an herbaceous plant having two main classifications – Sativa and Indica. Hemp is categorized under Cannabis Sativa, while marijuana belongs to Cannabis Indica or Sativa or a hybrid. Cannabis Sativa traits differ from Indica species. The marijuana got from the Sativa species share some traits with hemp. However, both differ.
It belongs to the cannabis genre and commercially harvested for stalks, flowers, and seeds. It grows tall and sturdy. For years, hemp is used in several ways –
- Seeds are used in cosmetics and food.
- Flowers are reaped for its cannabinoid compounds.
- Stalks comprise of fiber, so used in the clothing and construction sector.
Hemp differs from marijuana in the cannabinoid content area. Hemp is CBD-dominant, which is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It has below 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol or THC that induces the mind-altering effects. Hemp is no longer included in the controlled substance category and is legally grown and sold commercially.
Marijuana is harvested for its relaxing, psychoactive, and high effects. Unlike hemp, the stalks and seeds of marijuana are not used commercially in the textile or food sector. Its flowers contain high resinous elements rich in cannabinoids. Marijuana is concentrated on THC.
Marijuana with 30% THC post drying is classified as a Schedule I substance and is banned. Therefore, FDA does not approve the medical use of marijuana. It claims that marijuana has the potential for addiction and abuse. Recently, the states in the US have started legalizing cannabis for recreational or medical or both.
Hemp-derived versus Marijuana-extracted CBD oil
Full-spectrum CBD oil means there are all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the cannabis plant. The key difference between hemp and marijuana is CBD and THC ratio.
Hemp-based CBD oil is rich in CBD and THC does not exceed the legal limit of 0.3%. Marijuana-extracted oil sourced from CBD-dominant strains can have THC levels ranging from 5% to 30%. Some cannabis flowers have an equal level of CBD and THC, which causes legal concerns.
All products derived from hemp are legal in the US, both state and federal levels. The Farm Bill, 2018 has defined the terms of how to grow, manufacture, sell, and possess hemp-based CBD products. It is legal to transport across the state borders.
On the other hand, marijuana-derived CBD oil has its limitations. In some states, recreational marijuana is allowed but on the federal level, it is still an illegal substance. There’re its cultivation, sale, possession, and transportation is a federal offense.
Hemp-derived CBD oil triggers no euphoric effects. You feel relaxed, stress-free, and positive. On the other hand, marijuana-based CBD oil plays the role of potent relaxant, anti-depressant, analgesic, and can handle many chronic conditions.
For federally legal CBD products choose hemp-based CBD oil. If you want the entourage effect of high-THC and low-CBD then check your state’s legal clause.